Analysis: Russian Armed Forces capture dozen Ukrainian ships in Berdyansk

According to information published by RT on March 14, 2022, more than a dozen ships and boats, including two Gyurza-M-class artillery boats, were abandoned by Ukrainian sailors when they escaped.
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Russian Vyborg Shipyard laid the Purga ice class coastguard ship of project 23550 925 001 Ukrainian Gyurza-M-class artillery boat Akkerman (Picture source: MSGazdiev, RT)

According to the Military Balance 2022, the Ukrainian equipment inventory still consists predominantly of Soviet-era weaponry. Sustaining and in some cases upgrading these systems is a near-term concern, and equipment replacements will be required over the coming decade in order to forestall potential problems with obsolescence.

Since the beginning of the Russian offensive in Ukraine, some Ukrainian ships have been destroyed or captured by Russian forces. Ukrainian naval forces still possess some ships according to published information.

Polnocny-class landing ship

The Polnocny (or Polnochny)-class ships are amphibious warfare vessels. They were designed in Poland, in cooperation with the Soviet Navy and were built in Poland between 1967 and 2002. They now serve in several different navies, and some have been converted to civilian use.

They are equipped with a bow ramp that allows beach landings. The Polnocny-C version can carry 12 BMP-2 armored personnel carriers, or 4 Main Battle Tanks, or 250 Infantry Soldiers with their weapons like 82 mm Mortars and ATGMs, or 250 tons of rations & stores. Other armament consists of anti-aircraft guns and short-range surface-to-air missiles.

Russian Vyborg Shipyard laid the Purga ice class coastguard ship of project 23550 925 001Polnocny-class landing ship Yuri Olefirenko (Picture source: Georgian government)

Project 1124P (Grisha II) corvette

The Grisha class, Soviet designation Project 1124 Albatros, are a series of anti-submarine corvettes built by the Soviet Union between 1970 and 1990 and later by Russia and Ukraine. These ships have a limited range and are largely used only in coastal waters. They have been equipped with a variety of ASW weapons and an SA-N-4 'Gecko' surface-to-air missile launcher. All were fitted with retractable fin stabilizers.

Zhuk-class patrol boat

The Zhuk-class patrol boat, also known as Project 1400M "Grif", is a small border patrol vessel of less than 40-ton displacement built in the Soviet Union and later in Ukraine.

Over 300 boats were built between 1969 and 1991. Out of those, 110 were sold to 23 other countries. Exact numbers are unknown, but they were widely exported by the Soviet Union, in addition, to use in home waters as harbor patrol.

The vessels were excellent for this task thanks to a cheap design for mass production. With only a single simple radar unit and manually-aimed machine guns, they made ideal patrol boats.

Matka-class missile boat

The Matka class is the NATO reporting name for a group of hydrofoil missile boats built for the Soviet Navy (Baltic Fleet and Black Sea Fleet). The Soviet designation is Project 206MR Vikhr. Following the 1997 Black Sea Fleet partition treaty all Black Sea Fleet Matka class boats were passed to the Ukrainian Navy.

Russian Vyborg Shipyard laid the Purga ice class coastguard ship of project 23550 925 001Matka-class missile boat Pryluky (Picture source: Ruptly)

Gyurza-M-class artillery boat

The Project 58155 Gyurza-M class is a series of small armored gunboats in service with the Ukrainian Navy. The first two vessels were laid down at the Kuznya na Rybalskomu (previously Leninska Kuznya) shipbuilding plant in October 2012.

The maximum speed of "Gyurza-M" is 25 knots with a cruising range of 700 miles (at economic speed). The endurance of the vessel is five days. The crew consists of five sailors.

Ondatra-class landing craft

The Ondatra class (Project 1176 Akula) is a class of landing craft built for the Soviet Navy and Russian Navy between 1971 and 2009. The Ondatra landing craft has a limited range (2-day, 330–500 nmi (610–930 km; 380–580 mi)) and has a shallow draught that makes them ideal for amphibious operations and littoral combat.

Russian Vyborg Shipyard laid the Purga ice class coastguard ship of project 23550 925 001Matka-class missile boat Pryluky (Picture source: Ruptly)

Yevgenya-class minesweeper

The Yevgenya class is a series of minesweepers built for the Soviet Navy and export customers between 1967 and 1980. The Soviet designation was Project 1258 Korund.

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