Russian Navy will get three nuclear-powered submarines at the end of the year


According to a press release published by Tass on March 19, 2021, the Project Borei-A strategic underwater cruiser Knyaz Oleg and the Project Yasen nuclear-powered submarines Kazan and Novosibirsk will enter service with the Russian Navy until the end of this year, Navy Commander-in-Chief Admiral Nikolai Yevmenov said.
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Russian Vyborg Shipyard laid the Purga ice class coastguard ship of project 23550 925 001Knyaz Oleg, Borei-class (Project 955A) nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (Picture source: Caspian News)


The Knyaz Oleg is the improved Project 955A (Borei-A) first serial-produced fourth-generation submarine that was floated out on July 16 last year. The submarines of this class are designed to make the basis of Russia’s seaborne strategic nuclear forces. They carry 16 Bulava intercontinental ballistic missiles as their basic armament. Yasen-class submarines carry Kalibr-PL and Oniks cruise missiles as their strike weapons.

The Russian defense minister said at the ministry’s enlarged board meeting in December last year that the Russian Navy would get four submarines this year, including the Project-Borei-A nuclear-powered subs Knyaz Oleg and Generalissimus Suvorov.

The Borei is a class of Russian-made nuclear-powered ballistic missile (SSBN) submarines that were built under the Russian designation Project 955 for the first three submarines of this class followed by five orther submarine built under Project 955A.

The Borei submarine has a length of 170 meters, 13 meters in diameter, and have a maximum submerged speed of at least 46 kilometers per hour (25 kn; 29 mph). The submarine is powered by one 1 ОК-650V nuclear reactor, one AEU steam turbine and one pump-jet.

The Yasen-M class is an improved version of the Yasen nuclear attack submarine using an advanced design that increases its ability to detect enemy vessels at speeds far higher than those of its predecessors. A new power supply and acoustic defense systems have been developed for the boat in order to reduce the noise signature and increase its stealth capability. The boat features optimized hull shape, upgraded electronic warfare (EW) and automation systems, two more vertical launching system silos, a pump-jet propulsion system allowing for silent operation and new torpedo tubes.


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