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Romania to purchase US NSM CDS Naval Strike Missile Coastal Defense System


According to information released by the American company Raytheon on May 18, 2021, The government of Romania signed an agreement with the U.S. Navy to purchase the Raytheon Missiles & Defense, a Raytheon Technologies business, Naval Strike Missile Coastal Defense System, or NSM CDS.
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Russian Vyborg Shipyard laid the Purga ice class coastguard ship of project 23550 925 001 The NSM CDS is a high-performance ground-based Coastal Defence system. (Picture source Kongsberg)


NSM, a long-range precision missile that strikes heavily defended land and sea targets, will arm Romania with a 5th-generation anti-ship and land-attack cruise missile. As a key part of the CDS, the vehicle-launched NSM has a range greater than 100 nautical miles, flies at low altitudes, and uses advanced seeker and target identification technology.

The NSM (Naval Strike Missile) was primarily designed to be used as an anti-ship, but it can be also used as a land-attack missile. The missile was developed to meet the requirements of the Royal Norwegian Navy to arm warships. The production of the NSM began in June 2007 and the missile is now in service in Malaysia, Norway, Poland, and the United States, and will be entered into service with Canada and Germany. When installed on ships, NSMs can be deck-mounted in packs of one, two, three, four, or six launchers. Total installation weight, including electronics and cabling, is 3,900 kg for four launchers, 7,700 kg for eight launchers, and 12,000 kg for 12 launchers

The NSM  missile will weigh slightly more than 400 kg (880 lb) and have a range of more than 185 km (100 nm). It has a 125 kg HE (High Explosive) warhead. The missile, using GPS-aided mid-course guidance with a dual-band imaging infrared (IIR) seeker, detects and discriminates the targets.

The NSM CDS (Coastal Defense System) has unique features with a net-centric architecture that enables multiple simultaneous engagements and over the horizon (OTH) targeting. These capabilities, combined with the unique NSM target recognition, shape a highly potent and vast SSM system for the future. The system can be closely integrated and adapted to a country’s adjacent weapons and command and control systems. This expands the defended area and enhances the total fighting capability of the force.

An NSM coastal battery consists of three missile launch vehicles, one battery command vehicle, three combat command vehicles, one mobile communication center, one mobile radar vehicle with TRS-15C radar, one transport and loading vehicle, and one mobile workshop vehicle. Each MLV carries 4 missiles and can be connected to the CCV by optical fiber or radio up to 10 km (6.2 mi) away; up to 6 launchers with 24 missiles can be netted together at once.