3M22 Zircon Hypersonic Missile in Development Testing for Russian Navy
Russian cutting-edge hypersonic missile 3M22 of the 3K22 Zircon system
is in the development trials. The Project 11442 (NATO reporting name:
Kirov-class) Pyotr Veliky nuclear-powered missile cruiser will
carry the type following its upgrade, a shipbuilding industry source
told TASS on Friday.
According to rumors, the Indo-Russian BrahMos II hypersonic cruise missile
(pictured here at Defexpo 2014) is the export variant of the Russian
3M22 Zircon missile.
"The Pyotr Veliky cruiser will start its
repairs in the third or fourth quarter of 2019. Its repairs and upgrade
are planned to be complete in late 2022, with the ship to be equipped
with Zircon hypersonic antiship missiles. Now, the missile is in the
development testing and will enter service, if it passes the tests,"
the source said.
The tests of the
3K22 Zircon system are planned for completion by 2020. The system is
expected to be unveiled in the air-launched and ship-based variants.
Its characteristics are classified.
Navy Recognition understands that early rumors indicate the
Indo-Russian BrahMos II hypersonic cruise missile may be an export variant
of the Zircon (just as the BarhMos missile share many similarities with
the Russian P-800 Oniks missile).
The planned operational range of the BrahMos-II is about 300 kilometers
and its speed is set to be around Mach 7 thanks to a ramjet engine.
Pyotr Veliky (Peter the Great) heavy nuclear-powered missile
cruiser (TARKR), the fourth Kirov class cruiser of the Russian Navy.
Veliky is the fourth Kirov class cruiser (and the only one
operational today), a class of nuclear-powered warship of the Russian
Navy. It is the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships after
aircraft carriers currently in active operation in the world.
As was reported in the press, the Sevmash Shipyard and the Special Machinebuilding
Design Bureau (KBSM, a subsidiary of Almaz-Antei) made a deal for 10 3S-14-11442M
vertical launch systems (VLS) to equip the Project 11442M Admiral Nakhimov
missile cruiser being upgraded now. The contract is valued at 2.559 billion
rubles ($33.5 million). Thus, the ship’s 20 inclined below-deck
launchers of P-700 Granit antiship missiles (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) will be
replaced with 10 VLS modules of the UKSK versatile ship-based launch system.
The VLS modules will total 80. The same solution is expected to be applied
to the Pyotr Veliky cruiser.
The 3S-14 VLS can launch the missiles of the Kalibr family (SS-N-27 Sizzler).
In addition, the equipment for testing the VLS using mockups of the 3M-54,
3M55 and 3M22 antiship missiles is to be ready be December 2016.
The Project 11442 Pyotr Veliky nuclear-powered guided missile
cruiser is designed to sink hostile ships, destroy land targets and provide
air defense for its formation. The cruiser carries the 130-mm AK-130 gun,
land-attack, antiship and surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems, Kortik
SAM/gun close-in weapons systems and the Vodopad antisubmarine missile/torpedo
system. The ship was launched in 1989 and commissioned with the Russian
Navy in 1998. It displaces 24,500 tons and measures 251 m long. It has
a full power of 140,000 hp, a speed of 31 knots and a crew of 728. The
cruiser carries a Kamov Ka-27 (Helix) helicopter or a derivative thereof.